This week`s first article is about Quothquan Law. I hope that everybody finds it interesting.
Clydesdale has a very rich history beginning way back in the Upper Paleolithic 16,000 years ago with hunters following reindeer from Germany to Elsrickle.
However the richest period of Clydesdale`s Prehistoric history is the late Neolithic to the early Bronze Age, the period of the henges, stone circles and the discovery of metals.
Quothquan Law or the Law as it is known by the locals is the subject of this week’s article. It is an interesting geological feature which has dominated the landscape for millions of years.
The name Quothquan has little to do with present day English indeed experts in languages have suggested that its name comes from Scots Gaelic. Apparently, the name means ‘Pointed Hill’, which is a good description of the site.
How far back does human settlement go on Qouthquan Law. This is a particularly difficult question to answer since there have been no excavations on the Law itself. However there has been a great deal of work done by Tam Ward on the Common thanks to a chance discovery made by a friend of mine Martain Brown in 1987. Martain found some Late Neolithic pottery whilst walking his dog, initially I thought that it was Iron Age but I was wrong. Tam’s dig resulted in the largest amount of Late Neolithic pottery ever discovered in Scotland; this amounted to a third of a ton of the material.
In the late Neolithic Era Clydesdale was the epicenter of an advanced culture worshipping the Sun and the Moon. They built one of the largest temples in Scotland at that time 2700 B.C at Swaites Hill near Cairngryffe , the remains of which are still to be seen.
It seems probable that Quothquan Law was fortified that time . There was an enclosed space at the top of the hill and a defended area lower down. In the lower area 16 hut circles were identified many years ago by Professor Feacham . These possibly date back to the Bronze Age when settlers arrived in the area about 2000 B.C. They came to the area to gold , copper and lead in the Leadhills area.
It is highly likely that the site was still occupied in the Iron Age by members of a tribe called the Damnoni who were around in Roman times. The name of this tribe translates as ‘the Wild Bunch’ . Maybe the gave the Romans a hard time
The last people likely to use the Law as a fort were the Strathclyde Britons who spoke a variety of Welsh. After 11th century the Norman colonizers had no use for places such as Quothquan Law and it faded into obscurity.